Hannibal (Deutsch) Taschenbuch – 1. Übersetzung für 'Hannibal' im kostenlosen Latein-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „HANNIBAL“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: hannibal lecter.
Übersetzung für "HANNIBAL" im DeutschÜbersetzung für 'Hannibal' im kostenlosen Latein-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. jmd. (zu einem Amt) vorschlagen [ Hannibali parem consulem einen dem Hannibal gewachsenen Konsul; candidatos praeturae duodecim; (m. dopp. Akk) alqm. Übersetzung für 'Hannibal' im kostenlosen Deutsch-Italienisch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
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According to some, Libyssa was sited at Gebze between Bursa and Üskudar , but W. Leake,  identifying Gebze with ancient Dakibyza, placed it further west.
Before dying, Hannibal is said to have left behind a letter declaring, "Let us relieve the Romans from the anxiety they have so long experienced, since they think it tries their patience too much to wait for an old man's death".
Appian wrote of a prophecy about Hannibal's death, which stated that "Libyssan earth shall cover Hannibal's remains. Hannibal caused great distress to many in Roman society.
He became such a figure of terror that whenever disaster struck, the Roman senators would exclaim " Hannibal ante portas " "Hannibal is at the gates!
This famous Latin phrase became a common expression that is often still used when a client arrives through the door or when one is faced with calamity.
His legacy would be recorded by his Greek tutor, Sosylus of Lacedaemon. AD 40 — , and Juvenal 1st to 2nd century AD show a grudging admiration for Hannibal.
The Romans even built statues of the Carthaginian in the very streets of Rome to advertise their defeat of such a worthy adversary.
Nevertheless, the Romans grimly refused to admit the possibility of defeat and rejected all overtures for peace; they even refused to accept the ransom of prisoners after Cannae.
During the war there are no reports of revolutions among the Roman citizens, no factions within the Senate desiring peace, no pro-Carthaginian Roman turncoats, no coups.
Hannibal's military genius was not enough to really disturb the Roman political process and the collective political and military capacity of the Roman people.
As Lazenby states,. It says volumes, too, for their political maturity and respect for constitutional forms that the complicated machinery of government continued to function even amidst disaster—there are few states in the ancient world in which a general who had lost a battle like Cannae would have dared to remain, let alone would have continued to be treated respectfully as head of state.
The wailing cry of the matrons was heard everywhere, not only in private houses but even in the temples. Here they knelt and swept the temple-floors with their dishevelled hair and lifted up their hands to heaven in piteous entreaty to the gods that they would deliver the City of Rome out of the hands of the enemy and preserve its mothers and children from injury and outrage.
In the Senate the news was "received with varying feelings as men's temperaments differed,"  so it was decided to keep Capua under siege, but to send 15, infantry and 1, cavalry as reinforcements to Rome.
An undeniable proof of Rome's confidence is demonstrated by the fact that after the Cannae disaster she was left virtually defenseless, but the Senate still chose not to withdraw a single garrison from an overseas province to strengthen the city.
In fact, they were reinforced and the campaigns there maintained until victory was secured; beginning first in Sicily under the direction of Claudius Marcellus , and later in Hispania under Scipio Africanus.
Most of the sources available to historians about Hannibal are from Romans. They considered him the greatest enemy Rome had ever faced.
Livy gives us the idea that Hannibal was extremely cruel. Even Cicero , when he talked of Rome and its two great enemies, spoke of the "honourable" Pyrrhus and the "cruel" Hannibal.
Yet a different picture sometimes emerges. When Hannibal's successes had brought about the death of two Roman consuls , he vainly searched for the body of Gaius Flaminius on the shores of Lake Trasimene , held ceremonial rituals in recognition of Lucius Aemilius Paullus , and sent Marcellus ' ashes back to his family in Rome.
Any bias attributed to Polybius , however, is more troublesome. Ronald Mellor considered the Greek scholar a loyal partisan of Scipio Aemilianus ,  while H.
Ormerod does not view him as an 'altogether unprejudiced witness' when it came to his pet peeves, the Aetolians, the Carthaginians, and the Cretans.
Hannibal is generally regarded [ by whom? According to Appian , several years after the Second Punic War, Hannibal served as a political advisor in the Seleucid Kingdom and Scipio arrived there on a diplomatic mission from Rome.
It is said that at one of their meetings in the gymnasium Scipio and Hannibal had a conversation on the subject of generalship, in the presence of a number of bystanders, and that Scipio asked Hannibal whom he considered the greatest general, to which the latter replied " Alexander of Macedonia ".
To this Scipio assented since he also yielded the first place to Alexander. Then he asked Hannibal whom he placed next, and he replied " Pyrrhus of Epirus ", because he considered boldness the first qualification of a general; "for it would not be possible", he said, "to find two kings more enterprising than these".
Scipio was rather nettled by this, but nevertheless he asked Hannibal to whom he would give the third place, expecting that at least the third would be assigned to him; but Hannibal replied, "to myself; for when I was a young man I conquered Hispania and crossed the Alps with an army, the first after Hercules.
As Scipio saw that he was likely to prolong his self-laudation he said, laughing, "where would you place yourself, Hannibal, if you had not been defeated by me?
Thus Hannibal continued his self-laudation, but flattered Scipio in an indirect manner by suggesting that he had conquered one who was the superior of Alexander.
At the end of this conversation Hannibal invited Scipio to be his guest, and Scipio replied that he would be so gladly if Hannibal were not living with Antiochus , who was held in suspicion by the Romans.
Thus did they, in a manner worthy of great commanders, cast aside their enmity at the end of their wars.
Military academies all over the world continue to study Hannibal's exploits, especially his victory at Cannae. As to the transcendent military genius of Hannibal there cannot be two opinions.
The man who for fifteen years could hold his ground in a hostile country against several powerful armies and a succession of able generals must have been a commander and a tactician of supreme capacity.
In the use of strategies and ambuscades he certainly surpassed all other generals of antiquity. Wonderful as his achievements were, we must marvel the more when we take into account the grudging support he received from Carthage.
As his veterans melted away, he had to organize fresh levies on the spot. We never hear of a mutiny in his army, composed though it was of North Africans, Iberians and Gauls.
Again, all we know of him comes for the most part from hostile sources. The Romans feared and hated him so much that they could not do him justice.
Livy speaks of his great qualities, but he adds that his vices were equally great, among which he singles out his more than Punic perfidy and an inhuman cruelty.
For the first there would seem to be no further justification than that he was consummately skillful in the use of ambuscades. For the latter there is, we believe, no more ground than that at certain crises he acted in the general spirit of ancient warfare.
Sometimes he contrasts most favorably with his enemy. No such brutality stains his name as that perpetrated by Gaius Claudius Nero on the vanquished Hasdrubal.
Polybius merely says that he was accused of cruelty by the Romans and of avarice by the Carthaginians. He had indeed bitter enemies, and his life was one continuous struggle against destiny.
For steadfastness of purpose, for organizing capacity and a mastery of military science he has perhaps never had an equal. Even the Roman chroniclers acknowledged Hannibal's supreme military leadership, writing that "he never required others to do what he could not and would not do himself".
It is a remarkable and very cogent proof of Hannibal's having been by nature a real leader and far superior to anyone else in statesmanship, that though he spent seventeen years in the field, passed through so many barbarous countries, and employed to aid him in desperate and extraordinary enterprises numbers of men of different nations and languages, no one ever dreamt of conspiring against him, nor was he ever deserted by those who had once joined him or submitted to him.
Patton believed himself a reincarnation of Hannibal — as well as of many other people, including a Roman legionary and a Napoleonic soldier.
But those same principles of war that applied to the days of Hannibal apply today. According to the military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge ,.
Hannibal excelled as a tactician. No battle in history is a finer sample of tactics than Cannae. But he was yet greater in logistics and strategy.
No captain ever marched to and fro among so many armies of troops superior to his own numbers and material as fearlessly and skillfully as he.
No man ever held his own so long or so ably against such odds. Constantly overmatched by better soldiers, led by generals always respectable, often of great ability, he yet defied all their efforts to drive him from Italy, for half a generation.
Excepting in the case of Alexander, and some few isolated instances, all wars up to the Second Punic War, had been decided largely, if not entirely, by battle-tactics.
Strategic ability had been comprehended only on a minor scale. Armies had marched towards each other, had fought in parallel order, and the conqueror had imposed terms on his opponent.
Any variation from this rule consisted in ambuscades or other stratagems. That war could be waged by avoiding in lieu of seeking battle; that the results of a victory could be earned by attacks upon the enemy's communications, by flank-maneuvers, by seizing positions from which safely to threaten him in case he moved, and by other devices of strategy, was not understood That it did so was due to the teaching of Hannibal.
Hannibal is the "hero" of teenager Sigmund Freud. His idealized image is reflected in the analysis by the founder of psychoanalysis of his "dreams of Rome" in The Interpretation of Dreams.
Freud then associates it with the adage "All roads lead to Rome". He writes indeed in The Interpretation of Dreams: "Hannibal and Rome symbolized for the adolescent that I was the opposition between the tenacity of Judaism and the organizing spirit of the Catholic Church".
In the musical Phantom Of The Opera there is a fictional opera about Hannibal, called Hannibal , and is present at the beginning of the musical.
Hannibal's profile appears on the Tunisian five dinar bill issued on 8 November , as well as on another new bill put into circulation on 20 March His name is also given to a private television channel, Hannibal TV.
A street in Carthage , located near the Punic ports, bears his name as well as a stop of the Carthage metro, the TGM "Carthage Hannibal". Since , Hannibal is one of the main characters, with Scipio Africanus , of the "Ad Astra" manga in which Mihachi Kagano traces the course of the Second Punic War.
A mausoleum and colossus Hannibal, 17 meters high, is projected to be built on the Byrsa , the highest point of Carthage overlooking Tunis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Hannibal disambiguation. For the fictional horror character, see Hannibal Lecter. A marble bust, reputedly of Hannibal, originally found at the ancient city-state of Capua in Italy.
Carthage — BC Seleucid Empire — BC Bithynia — BC. Barcid conquest of Hispania Second Punic War Battle of the Trebia Battle of Lake Trasimene Battle of Cannae Battle of Zama Roman—Seleucid War Battle of the Eurymedon BC Pergamene—Bithynian War.
Main article: Second Punic War. Main article: Hannibal's crossing of the Alps. Main article: Battle of the Trebia. Main article: Battle of Lake Trasimene.
Main article: Battle of Cannae. Main article: Battle of Zama. See also: Cultural depictions of Hannibal. Other Hannibals in Carthaginian history Military of Carthage Alaric I Arminius Attila Bato the Daesitiate Boiorix Brennus leader of the Senones Mithridates VI of Pontus Odoacer Gaiseric Septimius Severus , who refurbished Hannibal's tomb Spartacus Theodoric the Great.
Plutarch adds that "when asked what his choices would be if he had beaten Scipio, he replied that he would be the best of them all".
However, Plutarch gives another version in his Life of Pyrrhus , 8. Hannibal: A History of the Art of War Among the Carthaginians and Romans Down to the Battle of Pydna, BC.
Da Capo Press. Israel and Hellas: Sacred institutions with Roman counterparts. Personal Names in the Phoenician and Punic Inscriptions.
Studien zu Plautus' Poenulus. Phönizisch-Punische Grammatik. Lancel, Hannibal p. Hannibal p. Hannibal: Challenging Rome's Supremacy p. A Horizon guide: great historic places of Europe.
American Heritage Pub. Retrieved 6 June Hannibal: A History of the Art of War Among the Carthaginians and Romans Down to the Battle of Pydna, B.
Er wurde v. Hannibal verschaffte somit einer deutlich breiteren Schicht den Zugang zu hohen politischen Ämtern.
Die karthagische Bevölkerung hatte wegen der Kriegsreparationen an Rom hohe Abgaben zu tragen, die die Wirtschaft belasteten. Hannibal senkte die Abgaben, indem er gegen die Korruption in Karthago vorging.
Hannibal floh aus dem römischen Machtbereich. Im östlichen Mittelmeerraum war er unter anderem als Feldherr für Antiochos III. Als der Seleukidenkönig den Kampf um die Herrschaft über Griechenland gegen Rom annahm, schlug ihm Hannibal vor, einen Zweifrontenkrieg zu führen.
Dieser Plan hätte vorgesehen, dass Antiochos einen Teil der römischen Streitkräfte in Griechenland binden sollte, während Hannibal mit karthagischen und fremden Truppen ein zweites Mal in Italien landen würde.
Antiochos zeigte sich demgegenüber zunächst nicht abgeneigt, lehnte jedoch letztlich ab: Er fürchtete, dass Hannibal bei dieser durchaus vielversprechenden Strategie der ganze Ruhm zukäme, was mit seinem königlichen Selbstverständnis nicht zu vereinbaren war.
Anstatt von Hannibals militärischen Fähigkeiten Gebrauch zu machen, übertrug ihm der Seleukide nur den Bau einer Flottille in Phönizien , die die seleukidische Hauptflotte in der Ägäis verstärken sollte.
In der Seeschlacht von Side wurden Hannibals Schiffe aber durch eine rhodische Flotte geschlagen. Nach der endgültigen Niederlage des Antiochos gegen Rom musste Hannibal v.
Hannibal floh nun in die hellenistischen Monarchien Kleinasiens. Zunächst trat er in die Dienste des armenischen Königs Artaxias I.
Auf römischen Druck hin musste Hannibal jedoch weiter zu König Prusias I. Dieser befand sich in einer militärischen Auseinandersetzung mit dem römischen Bundesgenossen Eumenes II.
Hannibal wurde wiederum als Flottenkommandant eingesetzt. Hannibal versuchte, auch in Kleinasien Verbündete für die Sache Bithyniens zu gewinnen.
Hannibal entzog sich jedoch der Gefangennahme dadurch, dass er sich in der Festung von Libyssa Gebze , vermutlich mit Gift, das Leben nahm.
Die meisten verfügbaren Quellen beziehen einen eher römischen Standpunkt. Die wichtigsten sind Polybios fragmentarisch , Titus Livius , Diodor und Appian.
Eine sehr knappe lateinische Hannibalbiographie stammt von Cornelius Nepos. Hinzu kommen kurze Bemerkungen in anderen Quellen.
Verschiedene Geschichtswerke über Hannibal, die einen pro-karthagischen Standpunkt vertraten, sind hingegen verloren gegangen.
Dazu zählen die Werke des Sosylos , des Chaireas , des Silenos von Kaleakte und des Eumachos von Neapel.
Bis heute ist kein Bild von Hannibal als authentisch anerkannt. Weder Büsten, die bestenfalls aus der frühen Neuzeit stammen, noch Münzen sind als Abbildungen Hannibals gesichert.
Es ist nicht bekannt, ob überhaupt authentische Bildnisse karthagischer Persönlichkeiten existieren oder existiert haben.
Es galt allgemein, dass der Einzelne hinter dem Gesamtstaat stark zurücktritt. Im ersten Jahrhundert n. Juvenal verspottete in seiner zehnten Satura den einst ruhmreichen Hannibal, der als Verfolgter an einem vorderasiatischen Königshof um Schutz vor Verfolgung bitten musste.
Obwohl die Handlung sich über den Zweiten Punischen Krieg erstreckt, tritt Hannibal hinter dem römischen Helden Scipio Africanus stark zurück.
Crawford arranges for a well-known psychiatrist, Hannibal Lecter, to work with him and ease the stress. It seems Lecter has Playing next Hannibal - S1E2.
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