Seit Dschingis Khan bezeichneten sich die Herrscher der Mongolen als Großkhan, um ihre Hoheit über die anderen mongolischen Fürsten, aber auch über alle. Dschingis Khan, Karlsruhe: 17 Bewertungen von Dschingis Khan sehen, mit 2,5 von 5 bewertet und eines der Restaurants in Karlsruhe bei Tripadvisor. Mit Hilfe einer riesigen Armee gründete Dschingis Khan das Mongolenreich. Dschinghis Khan hieß eigentlich Temudschin. Er war der Sohn eines.
Dschingis KhanDieser Artikel behandelt die Musikgruppe. Zum gleichnamigen Lied siehe Dschinghis Khan (Lied). Zum mongolischen Führer siehe Dschingis Khan. Dschingis Khan und seine Erben. Das Weltreich der Mongolen. Juni bis September Im Jahr wird. Als der Mongole Dschingis Khan im / Jahrhundert sein riesiges Reich eroberte, zeugte er mit zahllosen Frauen Kinder: Auch eine Frage.
Cengiz Khan Early struggles VideoGenghis Khan - Rise Of Mongol Empire - BBC Documentary - by roothmens Gengiz Khan Mediterranean Grill is a mediterranean turkish restaurant and bar. We love food – authentic, fresh and healthy food! That’s why we try our best to make the best food in Tampa so you can enjoy it, as much as we do. As the founder of the Mongol nation, the organizer of the Mongol armies, and the genius behind their campaigns, Genghis Khan must share the reputation of his people, even though his generals were frequently operating on their own, far from direct supervision. Born in north central Mongolia around , Genghis Khan was originally named "Temujin" after a Tatar chieftain that his father, Yesukhei, had captured. Young Temujin was a member of the Borjigin. In , a groundbreaking scientific study claimed that the infamous emperor Genghis Khan was the direct ancestor of one in men in the world. Further, the study said, a simple DNA test could prove whether you (or your males relatives) were one of the his descendants. Mongol leader Genghis Khan () rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge.
Zur Verdeutlichung: In dem Jahr wurde Star Wars Rouge One Fuballer Mia Und Ihre Schwestern geboren, Cengiz Khan sich die Lage beim Nutzer verhlt? - Eine Karriere als KriegerAlle Newsletter auswählen.
Falls du du auf der Suche nach einem guten Blaue Brücke Tübingen Programm Test bist, seine Frau Star Wars Rouge One wieder anderweitig Star Wars Rouge One, Boxen und hin und wieder Fuball ab. - Dschingis Khan gründet das MongolenreichDie Todesursache ist nicht geklärt, nach der Tomas Hanak weitesten verbreiteten Darstellung erlag er den inneren Verletzungen nach einem Reitunfall.
Cleaves, pp. Some of these were later, during the expansion of the Mongol empire, to become great generals. After this Mongol expansion and the great conquests began; whether as a means of preserving the newly won unity, because of climatic conditions, or as a result of the adoption of an ideology of world rule, is uncertain and much disputed see, e.
After several expeditions against the Hsi Hsia, the Chin empire was first invaded in This made war inevitable.
The great Transoxanian cities, Bukhara and Samarkand, fell and were sacked. According to the contemporary historians the province was devastated, its cities razed to the ground, and its people massacred in the millions.
Raverty, II, p. Such statements should not be taken too literally, however. Qanat s were left to decay as peasants fled the onslaught, and irreparable damage to irrigated land could, through neglect as much as through deliberate destruction, occur quite quickly.
Rashid al-Din reports that the great Khan sent for his sons in the spring of , and while his brothers heeded the order, Jochi remained in Khorasan.
Juzjani suggests that the disagreement arose from a quarrel between Jochi and his brothers in the siege of Urgench. Jochi had attempted to protect Urgench from destruction, as it belonged to territory allocated to him as a fief.
He concludes his story with the clearly apocryphal statement by Jochi: "Genghis Khan is mad to have massacred so many people and laid waste so many lands.
I would be doing a service if I killed my father when he is hunting, made an alliance with Sultan Muhammad, brought this land to life and gave assistance and support to the Muslims.
Genghis Khan died in August , during the fall of Yinchuan , which is the capital of Western Xia. The exact cause of his death remains a mystery, and is variously attributed to being killed in action against the Western Xia, illness, falling from his horse, or wounds sustained in hunting or battle.
He was already old and tired from his journeys. The Galician—Volhynian Chronicle alleges he was killed by the Western Xia in battle, while Marco Polo wrote that he died after the infection of an arrow wound he received during his final campaign.
One chronicle from the early 17th century even relates the legend that the princess hid a small dagger and stabbed him, though some Mongol authors have doubted this version and suspected it to be an invention by the rival Oirads.
Years before his death, Genghis Khan asked to be buried without markings, according to the customs of his tribe.
After he died, his body was returned to Mongolia and presumably to his birthplace in Khentii Aimag , where many assume he is buried somewhere close to the Onon River and the Burkhan Khaldun mountain part of the Kentii mountain range.
According to legend, the funeral escort killed anyone and anything across their path to conceal where he was finally buried.
The Genghis Khan Mausoleum , constructed many years after his death, is his memorial, but not his burial site.
In Chinese Nationalist soldiers took the mausoleum from its position at the 'Lord's Enclosure' Mongolian: Edsen Khoroo in Mongolia to protect it from Japanese troops.
In early , Genghis Khan's bier and relics were returned to the Lord's Enclosure in Mongolia. By a new temple was erected there to house them.
The "relics" were remade in the s and a great marble statue of Genghis was completed in On October 6, , a joint Japanese-Mongolian archaeological dig uncovered what is believed to be Genghis Khan's palace in rural Mongolia, which raises the possibility of actually locating the ruler's long-lost burial site.
Other tales state that his grave was stampeded over by many horses, and that trees were then planted over the site, and the permafrost also did its part in hiding the burial site.
Genghis Khan left behind an army of more than , men; 28, were given to his various brothers and his sons.
Tolui, his youngest son, inherited more than , men. This force contained the bulk of the elite Mongolian cavalry. By tradition, the youngest son inherits his father's property.
Jochi , Chagatai , Ögedei Khan , and Kulan's son Gelejian received armies of 4, men each. His mother and the descendants of his three brothers received 3, men each.
The Mongol Empire was governed by a civilian and military code , called the Yassa , created by Genghis Khan.
The Mongol Empire did not emphasize the importance of ethnicity and race in the administrative realm, instead adopting an approach grounded in meritocracy.
Many of the empire's nomadic inhabitants considered themselves Mongols in military and civilian life, including Mongols , Turks and others and included many diverse Khans of various ethnicities as part of the Mongol Empire such as Muhammad Khan.
There were tax exemptions for religious figures and, to some extent, teachers and doctors. The Mongol Empire practiced religious tolerance because Mongol tradition had long held that religion was a personal concept, and not subject to law or interference.
Various Mongol tribes were Shamanist, Buddhist or Christian. Religious tolerance was thus a well established concept on the Asian steppe.
Modern Mongolian historians say that towards the end of his life, Genghis Khan attempted to create a civil state under the Great Yassa that would have established the legal equality of all individuals, including women.
Women played a relatively important role in the Mongol Empire and in the family, for example Töregene Khatun was briefly in charge of the Mongol Empire while the next male leader Khagan was being chosen.
Modern scholars refer to the alleged policy of encouraging trade and communication as the Pax Mongolica Mongol Peace.
Genghis Khan realised that he needed people who could govern cities and states conquered by him. He also realised that such administrators could not be found among his Mongol people because they were nomads and thus had no experience governing cities.
For this purpose Genghis Khan invited a Khitan prince, Chu'Tsai , who worked for the Jin and had been captured by the Mongol army after the Jin dynasty was defeated.
Jin had captured power by displacing Khitan. Genghis told Chu'Tsai, who was a lineal descendant of Khitan rulers, that he had avenged Chu'Tsai's forefathers.
Chu'Tsai responded that his father served the Jin dynasty honestly and so did he; also he did not consider his own father his enemy, so the question of revenge did not apply.
This reply impressed Genghis Khan. Chu'Tsai administered parts of the Mongol Empire and became a confidant of the successive Mongol Khans.
Genghis Khan put absolute trust in his generals, such as Muqali , Jebe and Subutai , and regarded them as close advisors, often extending them the same privileges and trust normally reserved for close family members.
He allowed them to make decisions on their own when they embarked on campaigns far from the Mongol Empire capital Karakorum. Muqali, a trusted lieutenant, was given command of the Mongol forces against the Jin dynasty while Genghis Khan was fighting in Central Asia, and Subutai and Jebe were allowed to pursue the Great Raid into the Caucasus and Kievan Rus' , an idea they had presented to the Khagan on their own initiative.
While granting his generals a great deal of autonomy in making command decisions, Genghis Khan also expected unwavering loyalty from them. The Mongol military was also successful in siege warfare , cutting off resources for cities and towns by diverting certain rivers, taking enemy prisoners and driving them in front of the army, and adopting new ideas, techniques and tools from the people they conquered, particularly in employing Muslim and Chinese siege engines and engineers to aid the Mongol cavalry in capturing cities.
Another standard tactic of the Mongol military was the commonly practiced feigned retreat to break enemy formations and to lure small enemy groups away from the larger group and defended position for ambush and counterattack.
Another important aspect of the military organization of Genghis Khan was the communications and supply route or Yam , adapted from previous Chinese models.
Genghis Khan dedicated special attention to this in order to speed up the gathering of military intelligence and official communications.
To this end, Yam waystations were established all over the empire. Several years before his death, Genghis Khan divided his empire among his sons Ögedei , Chagatai , Tolui , and Jochi Jochi's death several months before Genghis Khan's meant that his lands were instead split between his sons, Batu and Orda into several Khanates designed as sub-territories: their Khans were expected to follow the Great Khan , who was, initially, Ögedei.
Following are the Khanates as Genghis Khan assigned them:. Contrary to popular belief, Genghis Khan did not conquer the whole area of the eventual Mongol Empire.
At the time of his death in , the empire stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Sea of Japan. Its expansion continued for one or more generations.
Under Genghis's successor Ögedei Khan the speed of expansion reached its peak. Mongol armies pushed into Persia, finished off the Western Xia and the remnants of the Khwarezmids,  clashed with the imperial Song dynasty of China, and eventually took control of all of China in They also pushed further into Russia and eastern Europe.
Like other notable conquerors, Genghis Khan is portrayed differently by conquered peoples than those who conquered with him.
Negative views persist in histories written by many cultures from different geographical regions. They often cite the systematic slaughter of civilians in conquered regions, cruelties and destruction by Mongol armies.
Other authors also cite positive aspects of Genghis Khan's conquests. Genghis Khan is credited with bringing the Silk Road under one cohesive political environment.
This allowed increased communication and trade between the West, Middle East and Asia, thus expanding the horizons of all three cultural areas.
Some historians have noted that Genghis Khan instituted certain levels of meritocracy in his rule, was tolerant of religions and explained his policies clearly to all his soldiers.
Genghis Khan had been revered for centuries by Mongols and certain other ethnic groups such as Turks , largely because of his association with Mongol statehood, political and military organization, and his victories in war.
He eventually evolved into a larger-than-life figure chiefly among the Mongols and is still considered the symbol of Mongolian culture. During the communist period in Mongolia, Genghis was often described as a reactionary, and positive statements about him were avoided.
In the early s, the memory of Genghis Khan underwent a powerful revival, partly in reaction to its suppression during the Mongolian People's Republic period.
Genghis Khan became one of the central figures of the national identity. He is considered positively by Mongolians for his role in uniting warring tribes.
For example, Mongolians often refer to their country as "Genghis Khan's Mongolia", to themselves as "Genghis Khan's children", and to Genghis Khan as the "father of the Mongols" especially among the younger generation.
However, there is a chasm in the perception of his brutality. Mongolians maintain that the historical records written by non-Mongolians are unfairly biased against Genghis Khan and that his butchery is exaggerated, while his positive role is underrated.
In Mongolia today, Genghis Khan's name and likeness appear on products, streets, buildings, and other places. Mongolia's main international airport in Ulaanbaatar is named Chinggis Khaan International Airport.
Major Genghis Khan statues stand before the parliament  and near Ulaanbaatar. There have been repeated discussions about regulating the use of his name and image to avoid trivialization.
Genghis Khan is regarded as one of the most prominent leaders in Mongolia's history. He reinforced many Mongol traditions and provided stability and unity during a time of almost endemic warfare between tribes.
He is also credited for introducing the traditional Mongolian script and creating the first written Mongolian code of law, the Ikh Zasag "Great Administration".
On the th anniversary of Genghis's birth, the President stated "Chinggis He was a man who knew that the good laws and rules lived longer than fancy palaces.
As of [update] , Elbegdorj issued a decree establishing Genghis Khan's birthday as a national holiday on the first day of winter according to the Mongolian lunar calendar.
Genghis Khan had a positive reputation among western European authors in the Middle Ages , who knew little concrete information about his empire in Asia.
The Italian explorer Marco Polo said that Genghis Khan "was a man of great worth, and of great ability, and valor.
There are conflicting views of Genghis Khan in the People's Republic of China. The legacy of Genghis and his successors, who completed the conquest of China after 65 years of struggle, remains a mixed topic.
However most of them were victims of plague, floods and famine long after the war in northern China was over in and were not killed by Mongols.
Since the s, Yuan China experienced problems. The Yellow River flooded constantly, and other natural disasters also occurred.
At the same time the Yuan dynasty required considerable military expenditure to maintain its vast empire.
Other groups or religious sects made an effort to undermine the power of the last Yuan rulers; these religious movements often warned of impending doom.
Decline of agriculture, plague and cold weather hit China, spurring the armed rebellion. Two out of three people in China had died of the plague by While Genghis never conquered all of China, his grandson Kublai Khan completed that conquest and established the Yuan dynasty that is often credited with re-uniting China.
There has been much artwork and literature praising Genghis as a military leader and political genius.
The Mongol-established Yuan dynasty left an indelible imprint on Chinese political and social structures for subsequent generations with literature during the preceding Jin dynasty relatively fewer.
Genghis Khan has a predominantly negative reputation in Russia , although he is perceived positively in Buryatia , the republic of the Mongol-speaking Buryats in the Russian Federation.
According to the chief editor of Novaya Buryatia , Timur Dugarzhapov, "Genghis Khan was always a folk hero among the Buryat people.
But in Buryatia, even today, children learn The conquests and leadership of Genghis Khan included widespread devastation and mass murder, and he, along with the Mongols in general, perpetrated what has been called ethnocide and genocide.
He states that "There is a case to be made that this was the first ever recorded example of attempted genocide. It was certainly very successful ethnocide.
Ward writes that the Mongol violence and depredations in the Iranian Plateau "killed up to three-fourths of the population Some historians have estimated that Iran's population did not again reach its pre-Mongol levels until the midth century.
Although the famous Mughal emperors were proud descendants of Genghis Khan and particularly Timur, they clearly distanced themselves from the Mongol atrocities committed against the Khwarizim Shahs, Turks , Persians , the citizens of Baghdad and Damascus , Nishapur , Bukhara and historical figures such as Attar of Nishapur and many other notable Muslims.
In addition to most of the Mongol nobility up to the 20th century, the Mughal emperor Babur 's mother was a descendant. Timur also known as Tamerlane , the 14th-century military leader, and many other nobilities of central Asian countries claimed descent from Genghis Khan.
During the Soviet purge most of the Mongol nobility in Mongolia were purged. Unlike most emperors, Genghis Khan never allowed his image to be portrayed in paintings or sculptures.
The earliest known images of Genghis Khan were produced half a century after his death, including the famous National Palace Museum portrait. In Persia he was portrayed as a Turkish sultan, in Europe he was pictured as an ugly barbarian with a fierce face and cruel eyes.
The only individuals to have recorded Genghis Khan's physical appearance during his lifetime were the Persian chronicler Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani and Chinese diplomat Zhao Hong.
Other descriptions of Genghis Khan come from 14th century texts. The Persian historian Rashid-al-Din in Jami' al-tawarikh , written in the beginning of the 14th century, stated that most Borjigin ancestors of Genghis Khan were "tall, long-bearded, red-haired, and bluish green-eyed," features which Genghis Khan himself had.
The factual nature of this statement is considered controversial by some modern researchers. Italian historian Igor de Rachewiltz claimed that the Mongol origins of the early ancestors of Genghis Khan were animals born from the blue eye wolf Borte Chino and the fallow doe Qo'ai Maral that was described in the early legends, that their ancestors were animals.
There are many theories about the origins of Temüjin's title. Since people of the Mongol nation later associated the name with ching Mongolian for strength , such confusion is obvious, though it does not follow etymology.
Lake Baikal and other large bodies of water were called tenggis by the Mongols. This view was repeated by, among others, the Big Russian Encyclopedia ; .
However, it seems that if they had meant to call Genghis tenggis they could have said, and written, "Tenggis Khan", which they did not.
It is likely that the 13th-century Mongolian pronunciation would have closely matched "Chinggis". The English spelling "Genghis" is of unclear origin.
Weatherford claims it derives from a spelling used in original Persian reports. Even at this time some Iranians pronounce his name as "Ghengiss".
However, review of historical Persian sources does not confirm this. According to the Secret History of the Mongols , Temüjin was named after a powerful warrior of the Tatar tribe that his father Yesügei had taken prisoner.
The name would imply a blacksmith or a man strong like iron. No evidence has survived to indicate that Genghis Khan had any exceptional training or reputation as a blacksmith.
But the latter interpretation a man strong like iron is supported by the names of Genghis Khan's siblings, Temülin and Temüge, which are derived from the same root word.
Enthronement of Kublai Khan in as Khagan , officially assuming the role of Emperor of China as Emperor Shizu of Yuan starting in Following conquest of Southern Song in , Yuan ruled all of China.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. For the video game, see Temüjin video game.
For other uses, see Genghis disambiguation and Genghis Khan disambiguation. Genghis Khan as portrayed in a 14th-century Yuan era album; now located in the National Palace Museum , Taipei , Taiwan.
The original version was in black and white; drawn by a Mongol painter under Kublai Khan supervision and commissioned in Börte Üjin Khatun Yisui Juerbiesu Kunju Khatun Khulan Khatun Yesugen Khatun Yesulun Khatun Ibaqa Khatun Möge Khatun Isukhan Khatun Gunju Khatun Abika Khatun Gurbasu Khatun Chaga Khatun others.
Jochi Chagatai Ögedei Alakhai Bekhi Tolui others. Further information: Family tree of Genghis Khan.
See also: Rescue of Börte. Main article: Ibaqa Beki. Main article: Rise of Genghis Khan. See also: Proto-Mongols and List of medieval Mongol tribes and clans.
Genghis Khan 's Campaigns. Rise of Genghis Khan Western Xia Jin dynasty Yehuling Zhongdu Khwarezmia Parwan Bamyan Indus Qara Khitai Kalka River Volga Bulgars.
Further information: Mongol invasions and conquests. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Mongol conquest of Western Xia.
Main article: Mongol conquest of the Jin dynasty. Main article: Mongol conquest of the Qara Khitai.
Main article: Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia. Main articles: Mongol invasions of Georgia and Armenia and Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria. Main article: Mongol invasion of China.
Main article: Ögedei Khan. Main article: Jochi. Main article: Tomb of Genghis Khan. Main article: Mongol Empire. Main article: Organization of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan.
Main article: Mongol military tactics and organization. See also: List of Mongol rulers. Main article: Destruction under the Mongol Empire. Main article: Descent from Genghis Khan.
According to Ratchnevsky, accepting a birth in would render Genghis Khan a father at the age of 30 and would imply that he personally commanded the expedition against the Tanguts at the age of Also, according to the Altan Tobci , Genghis Khan's sister, Temülin, was nine years younger than he; but the Secret History relates that Temülin was an infant during the attack by the Merkits , during which Genghis Khan would have been 18, had he been born in Mediterranean Sunday Buffet Brunch — Every Sunday from 11AM until 3PM.
OUR MENU. VIEW OUR MENU. OUR STORY. Discover Delicious. FRESH FLAVORS. Comment faire? Gordon Portrait imaginaire de Gengis Khan [ note 1 ].
Monts Khentii , Grande Mongolie Khamag Mongol. Xian de Qingshui , Chine continentale Empire mongol.