Hendrik WÜNSCHE ° () Meike WACKERNAGEL ° , zakenvrouw van (Gunter) van (Ingo) () Christine WACKERNAGEL ° Katharina Wackernnagel / Schauspielerin / actress Katharina Wackernagel, Schauspielerinnen, Schweiz, Deutschland, Stage Elaine Cristina on Twitter. Schauspielerin Katharina Wackernagel spricht im Interview über ihr Single-Leben, den Kinderwunsch und ihre eigene, ungewöhnliche Familie.
Katharina Wackernagel: Ihre Eltern führen ein ungewöhnliches LebenKatharina Wackernnagel / Schauspielerin / actress Katharina Wackernagel, Schauspielerinnen, Schweiz, Deutschland, Stage Elaine Cristina on Twitter. Hendrik WÜNSCHE ° () Meike WACKERNAGEL ° , zakenvrouw van (Gunter) van (Ingo) () Christine WACKERNAGEL ° Profil von Katharina Wackernagel auf dem Castingportal Schauspielervideos.
Christina Wackernagel Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoStralsund (5) - Freier Fall (D 2013)
Kto li ga ime taiti. Dokle mu se ne ispravi. Da su u ono doba molili se. I will tentatively assume that it involved a reanalysis of PF requirements of the non-operator clitics.
At any rate, what is important for the hypothesis adopted in this paper is that geneneralized Wackernagel cliticization developed later and independently of operator cliticization.
Operator cliticization in modern Slavic languages The subsequent sections will analyze properties of operator clitics in Slavic. As was noted earlier, they form a natural class by specifying the Illocutionary Force of a clause.
Unlike pronominal and auxiliary clitics, they do not have non-clitic counterparts. In the literature they are sometimes termed sentential clitics cf.
Most contemporary Slavic languages have retained the OCS operator 1 Interestingly, an anonymous reviewer points out that Old Slovene had non- operator Wackernagel clitics already in the 11th century, so much earlier than Serbian.
Its Force value varies crosslinguistically, but it usually licenses focus on the preceding element in Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, and Serbo-Croatian, cf.
Pl, Migdalski Finally, Serbo-Croatian has an ethical dative operator clitic. It is discussed in section 4. Properties of operator clitics This section will provide evidence for the distinct status of operator clitics in Slavic on the basis of synchronic evidence.
It will show that operator clitics impose specific requirements with respect to the syntactic status of the host subsection 4.
In Old Polish e was used only as an enclitic focus marker, whereas i e was a complementizer. According to Decaux , e emerged as a complementizer only in the 16th century, when the initial vowel i was lost.
If it is not, like the first conjunct in the coordinate structure in 10 , li may not appear neither after the first head nor the first XP, even if the latter is a syntactic unit.
Therefore, the focal feature of li may only be checked via head movement. As shown in i , finite verbs may raise to the position in front of li, but l-participles may not.
The contrast receives a straightforward explanation on the assumption that whereas finite verbs in Serbo-Croatian move via head movement, the l-participle undergoes XP movement cf.
Migdalski ch. The l-participle may not adjoin to li, because li is unable to project a Specifier and host phrasal material. Ljubi li nju?
SG Q beAUX. This fact indicates that the restriction on the syntactic status of the host is a characteristic property of operator clitics in some languages, unrelated to patterns of generalized cliticization.
Novata li kola li prodade? The derivation of 12a is sketched in This indicates that operator clitics have uniform requirements even if the languages have different cliticization systems otherwise.
This is illustrated for VP fronting in 15 , which is possible only in the presence of e. For instance, in Czech, which like Serbo-Croatian has generalized Wackernagel cliticization, li may only encliticize on finite verbs cf.
The examples in 16b are ungrammatical, because li is preceded by a noun or an adverb. It may only adjoin to a verbal form, either an auxiliary or a lexical 5 The exception is the l-participle, which undergoes head movement in Polish, but may attach to e.
Rudin , Rivero It is difficult to examine the position of li in Serbo-Croatian using the test related to the interpretation of adverbs as in 2 , because sentential adverbs are incompatible with questions.
However, Serbo-Croatian has another kind of operator clitic, which is the ethical dative. For instance, when li is preceded by a focused constituent, this constituent may in turn be preceded by a topic.
SG knigata na Petko? The pronominal and auxiliary clitics procliticize on the verb, but li is an enclitic, and needs to be supported by some overt material in front of it, such as the main verb in 20b , which in turn is preceded by the auxiliary and pronominal clitics.
Q be2SG himDAT themACC givePART. SG money-the b. Si mu gi dal li parite? Toman remarks that depending on a syntactic environment, pronominal clitics in Czech may either encliticize cf.
ACC beAUX. Thus, I assume that operator clitics land in a functional head expressing Illocutionary Force, but this head may be dominated by Foci and Topics projecting above it.
The symbol indicates possible prosodic breaks. However, li in Czech may only encliticize, and in addition its host must be a verb cf.
Monte Carlo Television Festival und erhielt den Bayerischen Fernsehpreis als beste Darstellerin in der Kategorie Fernsehfilm sowie zusammen mit Benjamin Sadler und Denise Marko den Bambi-Sonderpreis der Jury.
Seit Beginn der Produktion im Jahr bis heute spielt Wackernagel die Kriminalkommissarin Nina Petersen in der ZDF-Krimiserie Stralsund.
Daneben entstanden aus der Zusammenarbeit drei weitere Lieder, die auf dem im gleichen Jahr erschienenen Album Waking The Dead veröffentlicht wurden.
Der Film lief im Februar im deutschen Kino an und erschien zwei Monate später auf DVD. Wackernagel war im November Interviewgast bei Nicole Köster in SWR1 Leute und bei Doris Maul in SWR2 Zeitgenossen.
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Included in this, we argue here, is i the form of some complementizers, ii their availability as initial elements in the domain of clisis, and iii W rather than VA ordering.
We list comparable structures from Tagalog, Mamanwa as the closest relative to Tausug for which we have sufficient data , Tausug, and Mapun the Sama-Bajaw language for which data is most available.
In simple clauses, all of these languages generally begin with the verb as is the prevalent case throughout the Taiwan-to-Sulawesi area. Any clausal clitics immediately follow: 19 a.
Mag-lu-luto ako ng itlog. AV-IRR-cook 1SG. Bonal-en mo ya baroy. Nor have we investigated Cebuano positioning within a clause, but see Billings and Konopasky b regarding cluster-internal ordering in Cebuano and Bikol.
Hindi ka mag-lu-luto ng itlog. Waraq siran maka-ri-rini. NEG 3PL. NOM spin-AV. NEG 1SG. In Tagalog and Mamanwa any clausal clitics follow NEG, as in In Tausug and Mapun they follow the complementizer: 21 a.
Kung hindi ka nag-luto ng itlog, … if NEG 2SG. NOM NEG AV-stop AV. All this suggests to us that Tausug borrowed much of its clitic-positioning grammar in addition to this lexeme.
Somewhat similarly, Bayer reports how Hindi and other languages of India and Turkish, languages with clause-final complementizers, borrowed ki from Persian, a language with clause-initial complementizers.
The directionality of this element was maintained in both of these borrowing situations. If such striking forms of borrowing can exist, then it seems reasonable for Tausug to have borrowed W ordering, within a COMP-phrase domain, from its recent Sama-Bajaw neighbors along with bang itself.
Most of the languages position their clitics in such a way that they are adjacent to the verb, with the added proviso that the clitics not be initial.
One language, Tausug, exhibits peninitial positioning. Tagalog shows a mixture, favoring the former type. Tausug is also distinct in allowing clitics to follow an overt determiner.
We also show how Tausug borrowed these distinctions, from neighboring Sama-Bajaw languages that it came into contact with. This paper also demonstrates how the rest of the CP languages, situated between the W languages to their north and the languages in Sulawesi, represent a transitional type.
Whereas many languages of Sulawesi show VA clisis without a non-initiality restriction, most of the CP languages retain non-initiality within INFL phrase , a historical vestige of W positioning.
Suffice it to say, much remains to be done in describing clisis in this part of Austronesian. To begin, just a few of the languages have been investigated so far in CP alone and the majority of these, especially in the Visayas and Bikol areas, still have not been investigated in this regard.
To the north, the Central Luzon and Cordilleran languages are also largely unexplored, although Reid is an inroad.
Huang et al. Final complementizers in hybrid languages. Journal of Linguistics 35, BEHRENS, DIETLINDE.
Yakan-English Dictionary. Special Monograph Issue, Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines. BILLINGS, LOREN A. Ordering clitics and postverbal R-expressions in Tagalog: A unified analysis?
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Linguistik Aktuell, Amsterdam: Benjamins. BILLINGS, LOREN, and DANIEL KAUFMAN. Towards a typology of Austronesian pronominal clisis.
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Linguistics in Potsdam 19, Reassessing the role of syntax inside the morphological word: Verb-adjacent clitics in Tagalog and Bulgarian.
Cornell Working Papers in Linguistics 19, Proceedings of AFLA 9. BLUST, ROBERT. The Proto-Austronesian pronouns and Austronesian subgrouping: A preliminary report.
Working Papers in Linguistics 9. The Greater Central Philippines hypothesis. Oceanic Linguistics 30, Subgrouping, circularity and extinction: Some issues in Austronesian comparative linguistics.
In Elizabeth Zeitoun and Paul Jen-kuei Li eds. Selected Papers from the Eighth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistic, pp.
Symposium series of the Institute of Linguistics Preparatory Office , 1. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics Preparatory Office , Academia Sinica.
BUAT, AZUCENA. Manga Gogodanun nang manga Kalagan Davawenyo traditional stories. COLLINS, GRACE C. Two Views of Kalagan Grammar. PhD dissertation, Bloomington: Indiana University.
COLLINS, MILLARD, VIRGINIA COLLINS, and SULFILIX HASHIM. Mapun-English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics. GALLMAN, ANDREW F.
Proto East Mindanao and its Internal Relationships. GAULT, JOANN MARIE. South Holland, Illinois: Bible League. GUILI, BILHAMIN. Ya bauw aw ubal The turtle and monkey.
Studies in Philippine Linguistics 2.